Investing Terms "S"
Standard and Poor’s - is the world's foremost provider of independent credit ratings, indices, risk evaluation, investment research, data, and valuations.
S&P 500 Composite Index - index of 500 widely held common stocks that is commonly used to measure the performance of the market overall.
S&P Rating - rating service provided by Standard and Poor’s that indicates the amount of risk involved with different securities.
Savings Bond - a U.S. government bond with principal amounts up to $10,000.
Screen Stocks - search of stocks that meet predetermined criteria.
Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) - federal agency that regulates the U.S. financial markets.
Sell Limit Order - an order to a broker to sell a specified quantity of a security at or above a specified price.
Sell Order - an order by an investor to a broker to sell a particular holding.
Selling Short - borrowing shares of stock from a broker and then selling in the expectation that the price of the stock will decline.
Settlement Date – date a trade is settled. Settlement is currently three business days after the trade.
Shareholder - owner of shares in a company or corporation.
Short-Term Gain - a profit or loss realized from the sale of securities held for less than a year.
Sideways Market - stock prices change little over a period of time.
Simple Moving Average – the expected value calculated at any time over a past period of fixed length.
Small-Cap - designating a company, or a mutual fund that invests in companies, with a market capitalization of under $1 billion.
Soft market - a market in which more people want to sell than want to buy.
SPDRs – are shares in a trust that owns stocks in the same proportion as that represented by the S&P 500 stock index.
Stock Split - companies split their outstanding shares into more shares.
Stochastics - computerized measuring tool that’s displays overbought and oversold conditions in a stock over a certain time period.
Stock - the shares of a particular company or corporation.
Stock Certificate - a certificate evidencing ownership of one or more shares of stock in a corporation.
Stock Dividend - a form of dividend collected by a stockholder in extra shares of the corporation's stock rather than in cash.
Stock Exchanges - organizations approved and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Stock Index - index based on a statistical compilation of the share prices of a number of representative stocks.
Stock Market - a particular market where stocks and bonds are traded.
Stop-Limit Order - a stop-limit order to buy must have a stop-limit price above the market price. A stop-limit order to sell must have a stop-limit price below the security's market price.
Stop-Loss Order - an order to a broker to sell when the price of a security falls to a designated level.
Stop Order - an order to buy or sell when a definite price is reached.
Stopped Out - purchase or sale that is executed under a stop order.
Support Level - a price level below which it is supposedly difficult for a security to fall.