Bear vs Bull Markets
So what is the difference between bear vs bull markets?
Bull markets occur when the major indexes, the DOW, NASDAQ, and S&P 500, are all going up. (GOOD FOR MOST INVESTORS) Economy as a whole is in good shape and investors are willing to put money into the market.
Bear markets occur when the major indexes, the DOW, NASDAQ, and S&P 500, are all declining. (BAD FOR MOST INVESTORS) Investors are basically selling their shares for whatever they can get for them and the economy as a whole is not doing well.
Sideways markets are basically a point when the indexes simply stall out and they are neither going up or down.
Different variations of these trends have occurred at different points in the history of the stock market. The trends can be long or short depending on a wide variety of factors.